Future Perfect Tense in Spanish Grammar

Introduction

The futuro compuesto/futuro perfecto de indicativo, or future perfect indicative is used in Spanish to express a forthcoming action that will have concluded before another future action. It may also express the assumption that an action would have occurred in the past.

Learn how and when to use the future perfect in Spanish grammar and master the conjugation of regular and irregular verbs with Lingolia’s grammar rules and exercises. In tense comparison, you will find an overview of all the tenses in Spanish grammar.

Example

  • ¿Por qué está desmontando su bici Jorge?
  • Se habrá caído de la bicicleta o habrá tenido una avería.
  • ¡Oh, no! En una hora queríamos dar una vuelta en bici.
  • ¡No te preocupes! Para entonces ya la habrá reparado.
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Usage

Use the future perfect indicative in Spanish to express:

  • an assumption about an action that happened in the past
    Example:
    Se habrá caído de la bicicleta.He will have fallen off his bike.
    Habrá tenido una avería.He will have had an accident.
  • an assumption that an action will have been completed by a certain point in the future, an expression of time is always required to indicate the future meaning
    Example:
    Para entonces ya la habrá reparado.By then he will have repaired it.

Verb Conjugation in Spanish Future Perfect

To conjugate verbs in future perfect (futuro perfecto), we use the future forms of the verb haber, as well as the past participle.

person haber past participle
yo habré

hablado

aprendido

vivido

habrás
él/ella/usted habrá
nosotros/-as habremos
vosotros/-as habréis
ellos/ellas/ustedes habrán

Past Participle

The past participle is formed by removing the infinitive ending and adding the corresponding ending: -ado for -ar verbs or -ido or -er/-ir verbs.

Example:
hablar - hablado
aprender - aprendido
vivir - vivido

Irregular past participles

  • If there is a vowel directly before the -ido ending, we have to add an accent on the i of the ending. This shows us that each vowel is pronounced separately and not as a diphthong.

    Example:
    leer – ldo
    traer - trdo
  • Some verbs have an irregular and/or regular participle form. These can be found in the following list:
verb perfect participle translation
irregular regular
abrir abierto open
decir dicho say
escribir escrito write
hacer hecho do/make
freír frito freído fry
imprimir impreso imprimido print
morir muerto die
poner puesto place/set
proveer provisto proveído provide
suscribir suscrito/suscripto sign/subscribe
ver visto see
volver vuelto return