Declarative Sentences - Exercises

show special characters
display incorrect answers

Exercises

Choose the correct sentence part for each field in order to construct a logical sentence in each row.

subjectverbdirect objectindirect object
[Marina gives her sister a CD.]
[They explain the situation to the citizens.]
[The noise startled my cousin.]

Construct sentences. Pay attention to word order: the direct object comes before the indirect object.

  1. a su prima/escribe/Julia/una carta
    [Julia writes her cousin a letter.]|The direct object comes before the indirect object.
  2. cuenta/a su hermana/una historia/Pascual
    [Pascual tells his sister a story.]|The direct object comes before the indirect object.
  3. muchos libros/presta/a sus lectores/la biblioteca
    [The library lends its visitors many books.]|The direct object comes before the indirect object.
  4. las manzanas/prefiero/a las peras
    [I like apples better than pears.]|The direct object comes before the indirect object.|The subject pronoun (yo) is not necessary, so the sentence begins with the verb.
  5. lee/el nieto/al abuelo/el periódico
    [The grandson reads his grandfather the newspaper.]|The direct object comes before the indirect object.

Complete the sentences. Pay attention to word order.
The indirect object only comes first if the direct object has supplemental information attached to it.

  1. a sus nietos/hacen/regalos
    → Los abuelos .[The grandparents give gifts to their grandchildren.]|In most cases, the direct object comes before the indirect object.
  2. un trabajo/a su clase/presentó/sobre su animal favorito
    → Sandra .[Sandra gave her class a presentation on her favourite animal.]|Since the direct object receives supplemental information, we put the indirect object first here.
  3. el juego/a sus vecinos/enseñan/que aprendieron en vacaciones
    → Roberto y María . [Roberto and Marta are showing their neighbours the game they learned on holiday.]|The direct object receives supplemental information (in the form of a relative clause) and therefore comes after the indirect object.
  4. a Jorge/una bofetada/dio/que le dolió mucho
    → Mari Carmen .[Mari Carmen gave Jorge a slap that really hurt.]|The direct object receives supplemental information (in the form of a relative clause) and therefore comes after the indirect object.
  5. a los periodistas/ofrece/nuevas posibilidades
    → Internet .[The internet offers journalists new possibilities.]|In most cases, the direct object comes before the indirect object.