Types of Adverbs in Spanish Grammar

Introduction

Types of adverbs in Spanish grammar correspond to the type of information they provide. Spanish adverbs are divided into various categories such as adverbs of time, place, manner, quantity and many more.

Learn about types of adverbs in Spanish grammar with Lingolia’s exhaustive and accessible overview. There are examples of common adverbs for each category and exercises so you can practise what you have learnt.

Example

Zeichnung

Ayer estuve en un concierto con unos amigos. Raúl y yo llegamos tarde, por eso los demás quisieron esperarnos dentro. Estaban ya bastante cerca del escenario. Pero allí se apretujaban los fans, así que Raúl y yo nos quedamos detrás.

Cuando comenzó el concierto, los fans empezaron a chillar tan fuerte que apenas se entendía una palabra. Pero el público del concierto era mayoritariamente chicas jóvenes que ya en la primera canción empezaron a desmayarse. Poco después pudimos llegar hasta donde estaban nuestros amigos.

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Adverbs of place (locative adverbs)

Adverbs of place express a locative relationship, which means they describe a location, place or address. They answer the question “Where?”, “Where to?” or “Where from?”.

Common adverbs of place in Spanish grammar include aquí, abajo, allá, allí, al lado, arriba, cerca, debajo, delante, dentro, derecha, detrás, encima, fuera, lejos.

Example:
Los barcos están muy lejos de la costa.The ships are very far from the coast.
Los juguetes están fuera del baúl.

Adverbs of time (temporal adverbs)

Adverbs of time reference time, duration and frequency. They answer the questions “When?”, “How long?”, “How often?” and “Until/since when?”.

Common adverbs of time in Spanish grammar include ahora, actualmente, a menudo, antes, ayer, después, hoy, luego, mañana, nunca, pronto, tarde, siempre, ya.

Example:
Nunca voy a probar los insectos. I am never going to try insects.
Ayer fui a un cine de verano.Yesterday, I went to the cinema.

Adverbs of reason (causal adverbs)

Adverbs of reason answer the questions “How come?”, “For what reason?”, “Why?” or “On what condition?”. Common adverbs of time in Spanish grammar include:

Example:
a causa de que, dado que, debido a que, en razón de que, en virtud de que, porque, pues, puesto que, que, ya que...

Adverbs of amount/degree

The questions we ask to identify adverbs of amount or degree are “How much/How many?”. Here are some example adverbs of amount/degree:

Example:
algo, bastante, casi, demasiado, más, menos, mucho, muy, nada, poco, solo (sólo), solamente, tanto, todo...

Adverbs of manner (modal adverbs)

The questions we ask to identify adverbs of manner are “How/How much/How many?”. Here are some example adverbs of manner:

Example:
así, bien, deprisa, despacio, difícilmente, estupendamente, fácilmente, especialmente, mal, mejor, peor, regular...

Interrogative adverbs

We can use some adverbs as question-words. Here are some example interrogative adverbs:

Example:
cuándo, dónde, cómo, por qué, cuánto...

Adverbs of affirmation

We use adverbs of affirmation to strengthen (or sometimes soften) a statement. Here are some example adverbs of affirmation:

Example:
ciertamente, cierto, claro, efectivamente, exacto, obviamente, seguramente, sí, también, verdaderamente...

Adverbs of negation

We use adverbs of negation to negate statements. Here are some example adverbs of negation:

Example:
en absoluto, jamás, negativamente, no, nunca, tampoco...

Adverbs of doubt

Adverbs that express doubt or uncertainty. Here are some example adverbs of doubt:

Example:
a lo mejor, posiblemente, probablemente, puede, puede ser, quizá(s), seguramente, tal vez...

To Note

Besides the normal adverbs, there are also adverbial expressions in Spanish. These consist of several words and as used as adverbs.

Example:
a veces, de nuevo, en absoluto, por suerte, tal vez...