Negation – Free Exercise

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Negate the sentences.

  1. Tengo una familia muy numerosa.
      muy no before the verbI have a big family.
    → I don’t have a big family.
  2. En Sevilla hace mucho calor en agosto.
    → En Sevilla   en no before the verbIn Seville it’s very hot in August.
    → In Seville it’s not very hot in August.
  3. Diego quiere ser actor.
    → Diego  .place no before the verbDiego wants to be an actor.
    → Diego doesn’t want to be an actor.
  4. Me gustaría viajar a Nepal y hacer senderismo.
     .place no before the verb|use ni to connect two negated clausesI’d like to go to Nepal and go hiking.
    → I wouldn’t like to travel to Nepal nor go hiking.
  5. Yo también iré a la fiesta de fin de curso.
    → Yo   de fin de curso.también becomes tampoco in a negated clauseI’m also going to the end-of-course party.
    → I’m not going to the end-of-course party either.

Turn the affirmative sentences into negative sentences by negating the underlined parts.

  1. Mi hermana canta bien.
      place no before the conjugated verbMy sister sings well.
    → My sister doesn’t sing well.
  2. El árbol tiene todavía hojas.
      todavía becomes ya no…The tree still has leaves.
    → The tree doesn’t have any more leaves.
  3. El vigilante está siempre allí.
     . siempre becomes no… nunca or no… jamás|but if nunca/jamás comes before the verb, we don’t use noThe guard is always there.
    → The guard is never there.
  4. Tengo una amiga.
     . no/any is translated with no… ningunaI have a friend.
    → I don’t have any friend.
  5. Hay algo en la nevera.
     . algo becomes no… nada|here, nada doesn’t come before the verbThere’s something in the fridge.
    → There’s nothing in the fridge.
  6. Veo a alguien en la casa.
     . alguien becomes nadie|here, nadie doesn’t come before the verbI see someone in the house.
    → I see no one in the house.

Double negatives. Are the following sentences correct or incorrect?

  1. No he visto a nadie conocido en la fiesta.when nadie comes after the verb, we use a double negative (no + verb + nadie)I haven’t seen anyone I know at the party.
  2. Ninguna persona no quiere trabajar gratis.incorrect|when ninguna comes before the verb, we don’t need a double negative|the correct negation is: Ninguna persona quiere trabajar gratis.No one wants to work for free.
  3. A Susana no le gusta el sushi y a mí también.incorrect|también becomes tampoco in negated clauses|the correct negation is: A Susana no le gusta el sushi y a mí tampoco.Susana doesn’t like sushi and neither do I.
  4. Nada de lo que dices tiene sentido.when nada comes before the verb, we don’t need a double negativeNothing that you say makes sense.
  5. He ido nunca a Miami.incorrect|when nunca comes after the verb, we need a double negative (no + verb + nunca)|the correct negation is: No he ido nunca a Miami.I’ve never been to Miami.