Conditional Clauses - Exercises

show special characters
display incorrect answers

Exercise

Real condition
Complete the sentences.

  1. Si (yo/perderse) , te llamaré.[If I lose my way, I’ll call you.]|si + verb in the present|The condition can be real.
  2. Si (vosotros/ayudar)  a los vecinos con la mudanza, tenéis que ayudarme a mí también.[If you help the neighbours move, you ought to help me too.]|si + verb in the present|The condition can be real.
  3. Si (tú/querer/a alguien) , tienes que decírselo.[If you love someone, you have to tell them.]|si + verb in the present|This condition could become true at any time, so we use the present.
  4. Si (vosotros/comer)  muchos caramelos, os pondréis enfermos.[If you eat too many sweets, you will get sick.]|si + verb in the present|The condition can become true in the future.
  5. Si (ellos/no tener/dinero) , saben a quién preguntar.[If they don’t have any money, they know who to ask.]|si + verb in the present|The condition can be real.

Unreal condition (present)
Complete the sentences.

  1. Si tú quisieses, (poder)  tener el trabajo de tus sueños.[If you wanted, you could have the job of your dreams.]|Imperfecto de subjuntivo in the dependent clause, condicional simple in the main clause.
  2. Si la Tierra (ser)  cuadrada, nosostros (tener)  un horizonte puntiagudo.[If the Earth were a cube, the horizon would have corners.]|Imperfecto de subjuntivo in the dependent clause, condicional simple in the main clause.
  3. Si tú me (mentir) , yo lo sabría.[If you lied to me, I would know.]|Imperfecto de subjuntivo in the dependent clause, condicional simple in the main clause.
  4. Si vosotros (cocinar)  más a menudo, conoceríais los utensilios.[If you cooked more often, you’d be familiar with the appliances.]|Imperfecto de subjuntivo in the dependent clause, condicional simple in the main clause.
  5. Si papá (enterarse)  de esta tontería, (enfadarse) .[If Papa learned about this foolishness, he would get mad.]|Imperfecto de subjuntivo in the dependent clause, condicional simple in the main clause.

Unreal condition (past)
Complete the sentences.

  1. Si tu (me/llamar) , habría venido.[If you had called me, I would have come.]|Pluscuamperfecto in the dependent clause, condicional perfecto in the main clause.
  2. Si yo no hubiese ido al coro, yo (no/encontrarse)  a Pedro.[If I hadn’t gone to chorus rehearsal, I wouldn’t have met Pedro.]|Pluscuamperfecto in the dependent clause, condicional perfecto in the main clause.
  3. Si las gallinas (poner)  huevos, habríamos hecho tortilla de patata.[If the hens had laid any eggs, we would have made a potato omelette.]|Pluscuamperfecto in the dependent clause, condicional perfecto in the main clause.
  4. Si hubiésemos tenido suerte, nosotros (ganar)  la carrera.[If we had been lucky, we would have won the cruise.]|Pluscuamperfecto in the dependent clause, condicional perfecto in the main clause.
  5. Si Lorenzo y Tomás (dormir)  más tiempo, no habrían tenido el accidente.[If Lorenzo and Tomás had slept longer, they wouldn’t have had an accident.]|Pluscuamperfecto in the dependent clause, condicional perfecto in the main clause.