Participle - Exercises

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Exercise

Construct the participio presente, participio pasado and the gerundio of the following verbs.

infinitiveParticipio PresenteParticipe PasadoGerundio
habitar [reside → resident-resided-residing]
aplastar [crush/overwhelm → crushing/overwhelming - crushed/overwhelmed - crushing/overwhelming]
proceder [proceed → (proceeding) from - proceeded - proceeding]
incidir [influence → incidental - influenced - influencing]
oír [hear → listener - heard - hearing]

Type in the verbs in the participio presente (activo).

  1. Ella es una (cantar)  muy famosa internacionalmente.[She is a very famous singer internationally.]|We replace the -ar ending with -ante.
  2. En el paquete no está escrito el (remitir) .[The sender’s name is not written on the parcel.]|We replace the -er ending with -ente.
  3. Es muy (apasionar)  ver como actúas.[It’s fascinating to watch you act.]|We replace the -ar ending with ante.
  4. La verdad es que es una oferta muy (atraer) .[It’s really an attractive offer.]|We replace the -er ending with -iente.|Since the word stem ends with a vowel, the i becomes a y.
  5. Es un envío muy (urgir) .[It’s an urgent shipping.]|We replace the -ir ending with -ente.

Rewrite the sentences, replacing each underlined section with a gerundio.
Maintain the order of sentence elements.

  1. Al ver la televisión, bebo un café.
    [While I watch television,/Watching television, I drink a coffee.]|ver → viendo
  2. Al cruzar la calle, nos encontramos a mi tía.
    [Crossing the street, we met my aunt.]|cruzar → cruzando
  3. Al ir de excursión, hemos conocido muchos pueblos.
    [Taking a trip,/On the trip we got to know many villages.]|hacer → haciendo
  4. El autobús tuvo un accidente al salir de la estación.
    [The bus had an accident while leaving the station.]|salir → saliendo
  5. No podía concentrarme con la vecina que cantaba.
    [With the neighbor singing, I couldn’t concentrate.]|cantar → cantando

Type in the correct form: participio presente, participio pasado or gerundio.

  1. Esa película (aterrorizar)  me hizo gritar.[This terrifying film made me scream.]|The present participle refers to “film” and is used as an adjective. It describes a characteristic.
  2. Santiago ha (olvidar)  la llaves de casa en la oficina.[Santiago has forgotten the house keys at the office.]|Pretérito Perfecto for a completed action in a period of time that still counts as the present → past participle
  3. (salir)  del trabajo me encontré con tu hermana.[Leaving work, I met your sister.]|Actions in main clause and relative clause take place at the same moment → gerund
  4. Arantza estaba (ilusionar)  con la fiesta de cumpleaños.[Arantza was looking forward to the birthday party.]|Past participle as adjective: number and gender agree with the subject.
  5. Sara y Álvaro fueron (correr)  a comprar más comida para la cena.[Sara and Álvaro rushed off to buy more food for supper.]|Gerund as part of a verbal circumlocution: ir corriendo (hurry, rush)