Imperative - Exercises

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Exercise

Complete the table.

infinitivepositive imperativenegative imperative
correr/tú ¡! ¡![Run!/Don’t run!]
hablar/usted ¡! ¡![Speak!/Don’t speak!]
dormir/ustedes ¡! ¡![Sleep!/Don’t sleep!]
cantar/nosotros ¡! ¡![Let’s sing!/Let’s not sing!]
aprender/vosotros ¡! ¡![Learn!/Don’t learn!]

Construct the positive imperative.

  1. Por favor, ¡(escuchar/vosotros)  atentamente![Please listen carefully!]|2nd person plural imperative. The pronoun is omitted.
  2. ¡(traer)  tus deberes![Bring your homework!]|2nd person singular imperative. The pronoun is omitted.
  3. ¡Por lo menos, (alegrarse/nosotros)  un poco![Let’s at least have a little fun!]|Present form 1st person plural of the subjunctive. The pronoun is omitted.|The reflexive pronoun nos is attached to the verb.
  4. ¡(cambiarse/tú)  de ropa![Change your clothing!]|2nd person singular imperative. The pronoun is omitted.|The reflexive pronoun te is attached to the verb.
  5. ¡(venir/tú)  aquí![Come here!]|2nd person singular imperative. The pronoun is omitted. Venir is only an irregular verb in the 2nd person singular imperative.

Construct the negative imperative.

  1. ¡Hoy (pagar)  tú la cuenta![You won’t pay the bill today!]|Present form of the Subjuntivo 2nd person singular. The pronoun is omitted.
  2. ¡Por favor, (ir/nosotros)  a ese bar![Please, let’s not go to that bar!]|Present form of the Subjuntivo 1st person plural. The pronoun is omitted.|Ir has an irregular Subjuntivo form.
  3. ¡(jugar/vosotros)  con los cubiertos![Don’t play with the cutlery!]|Present form of the Subjuntivo 2nd person plural. The pronoun is omitted.
  4. ¡(hablar/ustedes)  todos al mismo tiempo![Don’t all talk at the same time!]|Present form of the Subjuntivo 3rd person plural. The pronoun is omitted.
  5. ¡(creerse/tú)  tan importante![Don’t think that you’re so important!]|Present form of the Subjuntivo 2nd person singular. The pronoun is placed before the verb.