Dates, Days & Months

Days of the week in Spanish

Unlike in English, the Spanish days of the week are always written with a lower case letter.

Day Translation
lunes Monday
martes Tuesday
miércoles Wednesday
jueves Thursday
viernes Friday
sábado Saturday
domingo Sunday
fin de semana the weekend
día entre semana a weekday
día laborale a work day
día festivo a public holiday
día de puente a bridge day
(an extra day off that bridges the gap between a public holiday and the weekend)

Months in Spanish

Like the days of the week, Spanish months are also written with a lower case letter.

Month Translation
enero January
febrero February
marzo March
abril April
mayo May
junio June
julio July
agosto August
septiembre September
octubre October
noviembre November
diciembre December

How to write dates in Spanish

In general we use cardinal numbers to say dates in Spanish. In some countries in Latin America they use ordinal numbers to refer to the first three days of the month.
Examples:
el uno/primero de marzothe first of March
el veinticuatro de juniothe 24th June
If we refer to the date of an event, we place the definite article el before the date, similar to the English the. If we add the day of the week, this comes between the definite article and the date.
Examples:
Nos vamos de vacaciones el diez de agosto.We are going on holiday on the 10th August.
Nos vamos de vacaciones el sábado diez de agosto.We are going on holiday on Saturday the 10th August.
If we only want to say the date, we usually omit the article.
Example:
Hoy/Mañana es (el) siete de octubre.Today/Tomorrow is the 7th October.
We use the preposition de between the day and the month as well as between the month and the year. It is similar to the English of.
Example:
el cinco de octubre de dos mil cincothe 5th October 2005.

Public Holidays in Spain and Latin America

The table below presents some of the most important public holidays (días festivos) in Spain and Latin America:

Date Public Holiday Translation
1. enero Año Nuevo New Year’s Day
6. enero Epifanía/Día de Reyes Epiphany
14. febrero San Valentín Valentine’s Day
Semana Santa Easter Week (Palm Sunday to Easter Sunday)
19. marzo (only in Spain) Día del padre Father’s Day
1er domingo de mayo (only in Spain) Día de la madre Mother’s Day
1. noviembre (Día de) Todos los Santos All Saints’ Day
24. diciembre Noche Buena Christmas Eve
25. diciembre (Día de) Navidad Christmas Day
28. diciembre (Día de los) Santos Inocentes Feast of the Holy Innocents
31. diciembre Noche Vieja New Year’s Eve (literally: Old Night)

How to say years in Spanish

To say years (los años) in Spanish we use cardinal numbers.

Examples:
1813 – mil ochocientos trece
1999 – mil novecientos noventa y nueve
2000 – dos mil
2010 – dos mil diez