Passive Voice - Exercises

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Exercise

Turn the active sentences into passive sentences (processual passive).
Use the same tense as in the active sentence.

  1. Yo leo el libro.
    [I read [present tense] the book.|The book is read (by me).]|Presente 3rd person singular: Presente of ser + Participio of leer (agrees with the subject in number and gender).|leer is an irregular verb
  2. El niño ha encontrado el balón.
    [The child has found the ball.|The ball has been found (by the child).]|Pretérito Perfecto 3rd person singular: Pretérito Perfecto of ser + Participio of encontrar (agrees with the subject in number and gender)|encontrar is a regular verb
  3. Felipe y Lucía comieron el pastel.
    [Felipe and Lucía ate the cake.|The cake was eaten (by Felipe and Lucía).]|Pretérito Imperfecto 3rd person singular: Imperfecto of ser + Participio of comer (agrees with the subject in number and gender)|comer is a regular verb
  4. Sus abuelos habían construido una casa nueva.
    [His grandparents had built a new house.|A new house had been built (by his grandparents).]|Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto 3rd person singular: Pluscuamperfecto of ser + Participio of construir (agrees with the subject in number and gender)|construir is a regular verb
  5. Mis vecinos habrán regado mis plantas.
    [My neighbours will have watered my plants.|My plants will have been watered by my neighbours.]|Futuro Perfecto 3rd person plural: Futuro Perfecto of ser + Participio of regar (agrees with the subject in number and gender)|regar is a regular verb

Construct sentences in the statal passive.

  1. (la cama/hacer - Presente) [The bed is made.]|Imperfecto of estar + Participio of preparar (agrees with the subject in number and gender)|hacer is a regular verb
  2. (el desayuno/preparar - Pretérito Imperfecto) [The breakfast was prepared.]|Imperfecto of estar + Participio of preparar (agrees with the subject in number and gender)|preparar is a regular verb.
  3. (las puertas/cerrar - Pretérito Perfecto) [The doors were closed.]|Pretérito Perfecto of estar + Participio of cerrar (agrees with the subject in number and gender)|preparar is a regular verb
  4. (la ventana/abrir - Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto) [The window had been open.]|Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto of estar + Participio of abrir (agrees with the subject in number and gender)|abrir is an irregular verb
  5. (los ordenadores/encender - Futuro Perfecto) [The computers will have been turned on.]|Futuro Perfecto of estar + Participio of encender (agrees with the subject in number and gender)|encender is a regular verb.

Exercise

Turn the processual passive into the pasiva refleja (se expressions).
Use the same tense as in the processual passive.

  1. La música es escuchada.
    [The music is heard. (literally: The music hears itself.)]|Presente, 3rd person singular: se + Presente of escuchar
  2. Las cajas han sido contadas.
    [The boxes have been counted. (literally: The boxes have counted themselves.)]|Pretérito Perfecto, 3rd person plural: se + Pretérito Perfecto of contar
  3. El coche había sido fabricado.
    [The car had been manufactured. (literally: The car had manufactured itself.)]|Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto, 3rd person singular: se + Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto of fabricar
  4. Los paquetes habrán sido ordenados.
    [The parcels will be sorted. (literally: The parcels will sort themselves.)]|Futuro Simple, 3rd person plural: se + Futuro Simple of ordenar
  5. Los periódicos habrían sido publicados.
    [The newspapers will have been published. (literally: The newspapers will have published themselves.)]|Condicional Compuesto, 3rd person plural: se + Condicional Compuesto of publicar