Gerund – Free Exercise

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Exercises

Form the gerund of the following verbs.

Infinitive Gerund
habitar  verb ending in -ar-andolive → living
aplastar  verb ending in -ar-andosquash → squashing
comparar  verb ending in -ar-andocompare → comparing
comprender  verb ending in -er-iendounderstand → understanding
ver  verb ending in -er-iendosee → seeing
comer  verb ending in -er-iendoeat → eating
vivir  verb ending in -ir-iendolive → living
oír  irregular gerund: to avoid three vowels in a row, the i of the gerund ending becomes a yhear → hearing
conseguir  verb ending in -ir-iendo|vowel change in the root of the verb: eiget → getting

Complete the gaps using the correct form of estar plus the gerund of the verbs in brackets.

  1. yo como un helado → yo   un helado.1st person singular: estoy|verb ending in -er (comer) -iendoI am eating an ice cream
  2. tú bailas salsa → tú   salsa.2nd person singular: estás|verb ending in -ar (bailar)-andoYou dance salsa. → You are dancing salsa.
  3. él cocina una paella → él   una paella.3rd person singular: está|verb ending in -ar (cocinar)-andoHe cooks a paella. → He is cooking a paella.
  4. ella hace alpinismo → ella   alpinismo.3rd person singular: está|verb ending in -er (hacer)-iendoShe does mountain climbing. → She is doing mountain climbing.
  5. nosotros leemos una revista → nosotros   una revista.1st person plural: estamos|irregular gerund: to avoid three vowels in a row, the i of the gerund ending becomes a yWe read a magazine. → We are reading a magazine.
  6. nosotras tomamos un aperitivo → nosotras   un aperitivo.1st person plural: estamos|verb ending in -ar (tomar)-andoWe have an aperitif. → We are having an aperitif.
  7. vosotros jugáis con el gato → vosotros   con el gato.2nd person plural: estáis|verb ending in -ar (jugar)-andoYou play with the cat. → You are playing with the cat.
  8. vosotras dormís la siesta → vosotras   la siesta.2nd person plural: estáis|verb ending in -ir (dormir)-iendo|vowel change in the root verb → -o > -uYou take a nap. → You are taking a nap.
  9. ellos escuchan música → ellos   música.3rd person plural: están|verb ending in -ar (escuchar)-andoThey listen to music. → They are listening to music.
  10. ellas montan en bicicleta → ellas   en bicicleta.3rd person plural: están|verb ending in -ar (montar)-ando|They cycle. → They are cycling.]

Rewrite the sentences, replacing each underlined section with a gerund.
Keep the same order of sentence elements.

  1. Mientras veo la televisión, bebo un café.
     , bebo un café.ver → viendoI drink coffee while watching TV.
  2. Al cruzar la calle, nos encontramos a mi tía.
     , nos encontramos a mi tía. cruzar → cruzandoWe bumped into my aunt crossing the street.
  3. Al ir de excursión, hemos conocido muchos pueblos.
     , hemos conocido muchos pueblos.hacer → haciendoOn the trip, we got to know many villages.
  4. El autobús tuvo un accidente mientras salía de la estación.
    → El autobús tuvo un accidente  . salir → saliendoThe bus had an accident while leaving the station.
  5. No podía concentrarme mientras la vecina cantaba.
    → No podía concentrarme  . cantar → cantandoI couldn’t concentrate while the neighbour was singing.