Gerund - Exercises

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Exercises

Form the gerund of the following verbs.

infinitive gerund
habitar verb ending in -ar-ando|[live → living]
aplastar verb ending in -ar-ando|[squash → squashing]
comparar verb ending in -ar-ando|[compare → comparing]
comprender verb ending in -er-iendo|[understand → understanding]
ver verb ending in -er-iendo|[see → seeing]
comer verb ending in -er-iendo|[eat → eating]
vivir verb ending in -ir-iendo|[live → living]
oír irregular gerund: to avoid three vowels in a row, the i of the gerund ending becomes a y|[hear → hearing]
conseguir verb ending in -ir-iendo|vowel change in the root of the verb: ei|[get → getting]

Write the verbs in the gerund together with the correct form of the verb estar.

  1. yo comer un helado → yo un helado.1st person singular: estoy|verb ending in -er (comer) -iendo|[I am eating an ice cream]
  2. tú bailas salsa → tú salsa.2nd person singular: estás|verb ending in -ar (bailar)-ando|[You dance salsa. → You are dancing salsa.]
  3. él cocina una paella → él una paella.3rd person singular: está|verb ending in -ar (cocinar)-ando|[He cooks a paella. → He is cooking a paella.]
  4. ella hace alpinismo → ella alpinismo.3rd person singular: está|verb ending in -er (hacer)-iendo|[She does mountain climbing. → She is doing mountain climbing.]
  5. nosotros leemos una revista → nosotros una revista.1st person plural: estamos|irregular gerund: to avoid three vowels in a row, the i of the gerund ending becomes a y|[We read a magazine. → We are reading a magazine.]
  6. nosotras tomamos un aperitivo → nosotras un aperitivo.1st person plural: estamos|verb ending in -ar (tomar)-ando|[We have an aperitif. → We are having an aperitif.]
  7. vosotros jugáis con el gato → vosotros con el gato.2nd person plural: estáis|verb ending in -ar (jugar)-ando|[You play with the cat. → You are playing with the cat.]
  8. vosotras dormís la siesta → vosotras la siesta.2nd person plural: estáis|verb ending in -ir (dormir)-iendo|vowel change in the root verb → -o > -u|[You take a nap. → You are taking a nap.]
  9. ellos escuchan música → ellos música.3rd person plural: están|verb ending in -ar (escuchar)-ando|[They listen to music. → They are listening to music.]
  10. ellas montan en bicicleta → ellas en bicicleta.3rd person plural: están|verb ending in -ar (montar)-ando|They cycle. → They are cycling.]

Rewrite the sentences, replacing each underlined section with a gerund.
Maintain the order of sentence elements.

  1. Al ver la televisión, bebo un café.
    [While I watch television,/Watching television, I drink a coffee.]|ver → viendo
  2. Al cruzar la calle, nos encontramos a mi tía.
    [Crossing the street, we met my aunt.]|cruzar → cruzando
  3. Al ir de excursión, hemos conocido muchos pueblos.
    [Taking a trip,/On the trip we got to know many villages.]|hacer → haciendo
  4. El autobús tuvo un accidente al salir de la estación.
    [The bus had an accident while leaving the station.]|salir → saliendo
  5. No podía concentrarme con la vecina que cantaba.
    [With the neighbor singing, I couldn’t concentrate.]|cantar → cantando