Presente/Perfecto – Free Exercise

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Exercises

Conjugate the verbs in presente.

  1. Martina y Martin (ir)  al gimnasio tres veces a la semana.[Martina and Martin go to the gym three times a week.]|3rd person plural, irregular verb: ir → van
  2. Todas las mañanas (yo/tomar)  un café con una tostada.[Every morning I have a coffee and a piece of toast.]|1st person singular, -ar verb: -o
  3. Mis hermanas y yo (ver)  una película en el cine todos los domingos.[My sisters and I watch a film at the cinema every Sunday.]|1st person plural, -er verb: -emos
  4. Nuestra nevera (estropearse)  cada dos meses.[Our fridge breaks down every two months.]|3rd person singular, reflexive -ar verb: se + -a
  5. En verano, el sol (salir)  más temprano que en invierno.[In summer, the sun rises earlier than in winter.]|3rd person singular, -ir verb: -e

Conjugate the verbs in the pretérito perfecto.

  1. Esta semana, las temperaturas (bajar)  mucho.[The temperatures have dropped a lot this week.]|3rd person plural of haber: han|+ regular past participle of -ar verb: -ado
  2. Nunca (yo/viajar)  a una isla.[I’ve never travelled to an island.]|1st person singular of haber: he|+ regular past participle of -ar verb: -ado
  3. Mi hermano pequeño (tener)  una pesadilla por la noche.[My little brother had a nightmare in the night.]|3rd person singular of haber: ha|+ regular past participle of -er verb: -ido
  4. Mis compañeros de piso y yo (hacer)  un plan de limpieza.[My flatmates and I have made a cleaning rota.]|1st person plural of haber: hemos|+ irregular past participle: hacer → hecho
  5. Noelia y tú (alquilar)  un coche para las vacaciones.[You and Noelia have rented a car for your holiday.]|2nd person plural of haber: habéis|+ regular past participle of -ar verb: -ado

Complete the pairs of sentences with the presente or the pretérito perfecto.

  1. → El cartero todos los días sobre las diez.[The postman comes every day around ten.]|presente expresses a repeated action (signal: todos los días)
    El cartero aún no .[The postman hasn’t been yet.]|aún no is a signal word for pretérito perfecto
  2. La película ya .[The film has already started.]|ya is a signal word for pretérito perfecto
    La película después de los anuncios.[The film starts after the adverts.]|presente expresses facts and general truths
  3. Marcos las llaves de casa esta mañana.[Marcos has lost his house keys this morning.]|the time indicator esta … is a signal for pretérito perfecto
    Marcos las llaves cada dos por tres.[Marcos loses his house keys every other day.]|presente expresses a repeated action (signal: cada dos por tres)
  4. Siempre a las siete y media.[You always get up at half past seven.]|presente expresses repeated actions (signal: siempre)
    Hoy a las siete y media.[You got up at half past seven this morning.]|hoy is a signal word for pretérito perfecto
  5. Lidia y yo por primera vez una fiesta sorpresa para una amiga.[Lidia and I have organised a surprise party for a friend for the first time.]|pretérito perfecto expresses a completed action that has a connection to the present
    Lidia y yo fiestas para una empresa de eventos.[Lidia and I organise parties for an events company.]|presente expresses general truths and facts