Plural – Free Exercise

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Exercise

For each noun, write the plural form with its article.

  1. la mesa →  [the table → the tables]|Nouns that end with a vowel (a, e, i, o, u) usually just take an s in the plural.
  2. el diccionario →  [the dictionary → the dictionaries]|Nouns that end with a vowel (a, e, i, o, u) usually just take an s in the plural.
  3. el viernes →  [Friday → Fridays]|Nouns that end with s or an x do not take any extra plural ending.
  4. la nación →  [the nation → the nations]|Nouns that end with a consonant (n, l, r, …) take es as their plural ending.|Since the penultimate syllable is already stressed in words that end with an s, the accent is removed in the plural.
  5. el médico →  [the doctor → the doctors]|Nouns that end with a vowel (a, e, i, o, u) usually just take an s in the plural.|We keep the accent, because otherwise the penultimate syllable (the i) would be stressed.
  6. el coche →  [the car → the cars]|Nouns that end with a vowel (a, e, i, o, u) usually just take an s in the plural.
  7. la luz →  [the light → the lights]|When es is added, z becomes c.
  8. el botón →  [the button → the buttons]|Nouns that end with a consonant (n, l, r, …) take es as their plural ending.|Since the penultimate syllable is already stressed in words that end with an s, the accent is removed in the plural.
  9. el sofá →  [the sofa → the sofas]|Nouns that end with a vowel (a, e, i, o, u) usually just take an s in the plural.|We keep the accent, because otherwise the penultimate syllable (the o) would be stressed.
  10. el caribú →  [the reindeer → the reindeer (plural)]|If the last letter is a stressed í or ú, we add es; we keep the accent on the i/u.

Write the nouns in the plural.

  1. En este barrio (la casa)   son todas iguales.[In this neighbourhood, all the houses look the same.]|Nouns that end with a vowel (a, e, i, o, u) usually just take an s in the plural.
  2. Por la noche vienen (el jabalí)   a comer.[At night, the wild boars come out to eat.]|If the last letter is a stressed í or ú, we add es; we keep the accent on the i/u.
  3. (el altavoz)   estan rotos.[The speakers are broken.]|When adding es, z becomes c.
  4. Me gustan (la televisión)   de plasma.[I like plasma televisions.]|Nouns that end with a consonant take es as their plural ending.|Since the penultimate syllable is already stressed in words that end with an s, the accent is removed in the plural.
  5. Tenemos que aprobar todos (el examen)  .[We have to pass all our exams.]|Nouns that end with a consonant take es as their plural ending.|To keep the stress from changing, we have to add an accent; otherwise the penultimate syllable would be stressed.