Articles – Free Exercise

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Write in the indefinite article and the definite article for each noun.

artículo indeterminado artículo determinado
  bicicleta   bicicletafeminine: una, la|Nouns ending with a are normally feminine.a bicycle, the bicycle
  libro   libromasculine: un, el|Nouns ending with o are normally masculine.a book, the book
  coche   cochemasculine: un, el|For nouns ending with e, we need to check the dictionary, because they could be feminine or masculine.a car, the car
  nube   nubefeminine: una, la|For nouns ending with e, we need to check the dictionary, because they could be feminine or masculine.a cloud, the cloud
  vacaciones   vacacionesfeminine plural noun: unas, las|For nouns that only occur in the plural in Spanish, we use the indefinite article. (This doesn’t happen in English.)holidays, the holidays

Type in the prepositions with the definite article. When it’s possible, combine the preposition and article into one word.

  1. No te olvides (de)   café!de + el = delDon’t forget the coffee!
  2. Debes devolver el dinero (a)   padre de Luis.a + el = alYou have to give the money back to the father of Luis.
  3. Es el director (de)   escuela.The feminine article cannot be combined with prepositions.He is the director of the school.
  4. El verano pasado me fui de viaje (a)   Estados Unidos.The plural article cannot be combined with prepositions.Last summer, I travelled to the United States.
  5. ¿Por qué no vienes (a)   teatro con nosotros?a + el = alWhy don’t you come to the theatre with us?

Choose the correct article. If no article is needed, select the dash (-).

  1. Mi primo es cantante muy conocido.He is one of many well-known singers → indefinite article|masculine: unMy cousin is a well-known singer.
  2. ¿Hablas español?With hablar, escribir, leer, entender un idioma (to speak, write, read, understand a language), we don’t use an article.Do you speak Spanish?
  3. ¡Patricia! ¡ paella se está quemando!something specific, known to the addressee → definite article|feminine: laPatricia! The paella is burning!
  4. Viajamos en tren.For means of transport with the preposition en, we don’t use an article.We’re going by train.
  5. bueno es que no cuesta nada.Before nouns made from adjectives, participles, or numerals, we use the definite article lo.The good thing is that it doesn’t cost anything.